|The village Sidoarjo inundated with mud (picture source)|
A group of Russian scientists has renewed the debate over the cause of the Lusi mud volcano in East Java, Indonesia. While the general scientific consensus has been that the volcano was caused by gas drilling in the area, the Russian team is pointing at earthquakes, which were initially considered but then dismissed, as the true cause of the mud volcano's eruption.
In May of 2006 the East Javan village of Sidoarjo was the victim of a volcano, a volcano that did not erupt lava, but rather scalding hot mud. The volcano has been erupting ever since, expelling nearly 30,000 cubic meters of mud each day, and it is expected that the volcano is capable of a continuing eruption for the next 30 years. Already the volcano has covered about seven square kilometers and about 11 villages, displacing about 40,000 people. A network of levees was constructed in 2008 to try and contain most of the mud, but there is continuing concern about the potential of the levee system failing.
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